Delayed disclosure of sexual violence incidents among victims in Newcastle, Kwazulu-Natal
Olusegun, Adefolalu Adegoke
MetadataShow full item record
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with reporting incidents of sexual violence after seventy-two hours at the sexual assault service centre in Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal. This descriptive study was based on retrospective analysis of 534 medical records of victims of sexual violence at the Newcastle hospital between 2005 and 2009. A data collection sheet was designed to extract information from three sources namely: the victims' hospital files, J88 forms and specific hospital forms that were completed for sexual assault victims. The collected data were entered into and processed for analysis using EPI INFO statistical package. Frequencies, means and standard deviations were calculated for the data set. Test of significance was also done using the Chi-square test and presented using odds ratios with 95% CI and p-value of <0.05. The victims' age range was 2-81years (mean= 18.84, σ=13.25). Approximately 87% were female and 59.4% of the victims were aged 0-17 years. One in five victims (19.7%) was HIV positive, and most (74.4%) reported rape with vaginal penetration. Fifty-nine percent reported within 72 hours of being assaulted. The most common reason for delayed reporting (21.5%) was fear of the perpetrator. Most of the sexual assaults were committed by male (96%) and single perpetrator (90%). Nearly a third (32.4%) of the sexual violence occurred within intimate relationships and more than two-thirds (68%) knew the perpetrators. In all, 35% sustained injuries during the assault and a third (34.5%) reported the use of weapons during the assault. Nearly half of the victims (48.7%) were referred to hospital by their relatives who also accompanied them to the facility (42.1%). Of the 198 victims that were offered post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), 87% collected the full 28-day course.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An investigation into the patterns of child sexual abuse and victim-perpetrator relationships among survivors of child sexual abuse at a university Kolbe, Cleophas (University of the Western Cape, 2005)The purpose of this study was to determine the extent, pattern and forms of child sexual abuse amongst university students; to investigate the degree of sexual coercion; to examine victim-perpetrator relationships; to ...
Management of children with sexual behaviour problems, between the ages of five to nine years old, by educators and social workers Philander, Rochelle (University of the Western Cape, 2018)The Management of children, younger than twelve years of age, who pose a risk to other children, remains complex and confusing. When their behaviour includes sexual aggression towards other children, ignorance about how ...
Assessing the high-risk behaviour of first year students entering the University of the Western Cape Abels, Melissa Dione (University of the Western Cape, 2007)The motivation of this study is to assess the high risk behaviors that contribute to the spread of HIV and AIDS among the youth. The most influential high risk behaviours that contribute to the spread of HIV and AIDS are ...