An Assessment of Ghana's Legal and Institutional Anti-Money Laundering Framework
The primary aim of an individual who engages in criminal activity, particularly at an organised level, is to make profit. However, criminals are not merely bent on gaining financial profit, but are especially desirous of enjoying the proceeds of the crimes that they perpetrate and reinvesting the illicit proceeds in other criminal schemes. Such reinvestments have to be made carefully, without drawing attention to their criminal provenance. Financial institutions, such as banks, are used to launder the illegally obtained monies. Money laundering and the financing of terrorism are transnational crimes which constitute a great economic, social and political threat to national economies and political stability. The devastating effects of money laundering and the financing of terrorism have activated the international community to develop a comprehensive anti-money laundering legal framework at both the international and regional level. Most countries in the world today have adopted antimoney laundering laws and policies.