Review of the effectiveness of the medicines regulatory systems in Zambia over the period 1995 to 2015
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Due to inadequacy of data on the effectiveness of medicines regulatory systems in Zambia, this study was framed. The aim was to evaluate legislative provisions for medicines regulation under three legalregulatory- frameworks in place over the period from 1995 to 2015. The study was structured in two distinct phases: the first involved document review of available legislation and secondary data relevant to the subject matter, covering the study period; the second involved a questionnaire survey for health practitioners to gather opinions on the effectiveness of the medicines regulatory systems in Zambia. Assessment of secondary data reported by Ministry of Health, and World Health Organisation on treatment outcomes and medicines regulation was conducted. Reviewed data showed relative reduction in incidence of some selected diseases of national importance. It was also evident that the regulatory systems had improved considerably over the study period. Responses from Health Practitioners and other players in the health and pharmaceutical sectors indicated that they were aware of medicines regulatory requirements, supported the need for medicines regulation, and indicated the need for regional collaboration and increased public awareness raising as means for improving current medicines regulatory systems. It was recommended that more comprehensive studies be undertaken to establish causal relationships between medicines regulatory systems, and disease outcomes. A further recommendation was made to implement more integrated information management systems in the Ministry of Health, and the Zambia Medicines Regulatory Authority.