Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients attending a hospital in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, Eastern Cape
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The presence of highly effective medicines has made very little impact in reducing deaths as a result of tuberculosis (TB), a curable condition but when managed inappropriately, may result in Drug Resistant TB. TB accounts for about one in four deaths that occur in HIV positive people and HIV has been found to be a risk factor for complex unfavorable outcomes in MDR TB patients and a very strong predictor for death and default. The relationship between diabetes and TB has also been explored, with some authors identifying diabetes as a risk factor for TB, and with related poor clinical outcomes in both conditions when they co-exist. Exploring the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of MDR TB patients in the presence of these risk factors could present an opportunity to provide better care through increased case-detection activities, improved clinical management and better access to care for all these conditions. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of MDR TB patients initiated on treatment at Nkqubela and Fort Grey Hospitals.