Health promotion needs of stroke patients accessing community health centres in the metropole region of the Western Cape
Biggs, Debbie Lynn
MetadataShow full item record
Stroke is the third leading cause of death and a major cause of disability in most societies. Individuals with physical disabilities are at risk of secondary complications due to the impact of the disability, which may be exacerbated by poor lifestyle choices. Although disabled persons desire to engage in wellnessenhancing activities, limited programmes based on their health promotion needs’ assessment have been developed. The aim of the present study is to determine the health promotion needs of stroke patients accessing selected Community Health Centres in the Metropole region of the Western Cape. A cross-sectional survey, utilizing a self-administered questionnaire and in depth interviews with a purposively selected sample was used to collect the data. The quantitative data was analysed using Microsoft Excel ®. Means, standard deviations and percentages were calculated for descriptive purposes and the chi-square test was used to test for associations between socio-demographic and health-related variables. Audiotape interviews were transcribed verbatim, the emerging ideas were reduced to topics, categories and themes and finally interpreted. In order to qualify for between-method triangulation used in the study, complementary strengths were identified by comparing textual qualitative data with numerical quantitative results and vice versa. The quantitative analysis revealed that the participants were engaging in health risk behaviours such as physical inactivity, substance usage, non-compliance to medication use and inappropriate diet modification. Lack of financial resources, facilities and access to information predisposed them to involvement in risky health behaviours. In-depth interviews supported the quantitative findings and revealed that numerous participants’ suffered from depression and frustration as a result of having a stroke. The necessary ethical considerations were upheld. The outcome of the study could contribute to the need to develop, encourage and promote wellness-enhancing behaviours and activities to improve the participants’ health status and ultimate quality of life.