Cross sectional survey on factors contributing to home deliveries in Rungwe district, Tanzania
Uredi, Ally Sadiki
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This is a cross sectional survey study that explored determinant factors contributing to home child delivery and influence of traditional birth attendances on place of delivery in Rungwe District, Tanzania.The study focussed on three main aspects namely factors (socio-economic, cultural and knowledge) that influence women to deliver at health facilities and those who deliver ta home. Reasons/factors associated with the acceptability of health services and influence of traditional birth attendaces on place of delivery and whether accessibility to health services and traditional birth attendants influence women to decide the place of delivery. The study was descriptive cross-sectional in nature where a multistage random sampling procedure was used to select 8 wards and 16 villages. A systematic sampling was used to determine household interval in each village. Only one woman with at least one child was chosen in a household using a random sampling. In case of the absence of a woman with at least one child in a house falling in the interval, then the next house was considered. A total of 400 women with at least one child were selected at random from household cluster sample from all four divisions in Rungwe district. They were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaire. The participation rate was 100 % in both divisions. The age of the women ranged from 19-49 years with the mean age of 31 years (Std dev 7.5). Data entry and analysis were done using the quantitative statistics with Epi Info 2002 software. Results were presented using descriptive statistics, figures and tables, and analytical statistics, using Student’s t-test and chi-square. A total of 400 women were interviewed, among them, it showed that there were good attendance for antenatal care 395 (98.75%) and only 5 (1.25%) did not attend antenatal care. However, 243 (60.8%) of women interviewed had incidence of home delivery and 157 (39.3%) had incidence of health facility delivery. Home deliveries in a surveyed area are commonly assisted by unskilled persons, and consequently carry increased risks to the mother and to the new-born baby. Improvement of quality and accessibility of health care services by the health facility should involve harmonic balance between health service provider and beneficiaries in order to change the attitude towards minimizing the practice of home child delivery in Rungwe district, in Mbeya region, in Tanzania as awhole and elsewhere in the world.