Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy and its major determinants among adult patients at Rundu hospital, Namibia
Komu, Patricia Wangui
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Aim: To obtain baseline data on adherence levels and the major determinants of adherence among patients on HAART at Rundu Hospital, Namibia. Results: Seventy-eight percent of the 97 participants included in the study were female, resulting in a female to male ratio of 4 :1. The mean age of the participants was 36.7 (SD: 9.00) years with 80% of the participants being in the 20-44 age group. The mean duration on ART treatment was 20 (SD: 10.3) months with 76% of the participants being on ART for 24 or less months. The average adherence rate reported by mean composite of the three measures was 95.1%, while the proportion of patients who achieved adherence levels of 95% and above was 64%. The main barriers to adherence to HAART reported by participants were forgetfulness (28%), lack of food (13%) and being away from the pills (11%): facilitators reported included counselling (19%) and treatment supporters (11%). Having knowledge of the consequences of failing to take HAART as prescribed was significantly associated with adherence (p = 0.03), as was being female (p = 0.04) while living further than 6 km from the hospital was significantly associated with non adherence (p = 0.018).