Pore pressure prediction: a case study of sandstone reservoirs, Bredasdorp basin, South Africa
The Bredasdorp basin is situated off the south coast of the Republic of South Africa, southeast of Cape Town and west-south-west of Port Elizabeth. It covers approximately 18,000 sq. km beneath the Indian Ocean along the southern coast of South Africa, which is in the southwest of Mosselbay. Bredasdorp basin contains South Africa’s only oil and gas production facilities and has been the main focus for oil and gas exploration in South Africa. It is one of the largest hydrocarbon producing block in South Africa, rich in gas and oil prone marine source rocks of kimmeridgian to berriasian age. The wells of interest for this study are located within block 9 which is made up of 13 wells but for this study the focus is only on 3 wells, which are well F-01,F-02 and F-03. The goal of this study is to predict as accurately as possible the areas within and around the sandstone reservoir intervals of these wells with abnormal pressure, using well logs and production test data. Abnormal pore pressure which is a major problem for drillers in the oil industry can cause serious drilling incidents and increase greatly drilling non-production time if the abnormal pressures are not predicted accurately before and while drilling. Petrophysics log analysis was done to evaluate the reservoirs. The intervals of the reservoir are the area of interest.Pore pressure gradient, fracture gradient, pore pressure and fracture pressure model were run. Pressures of about 6078.8psi were predicted around the zone of interest in well F-01, 7861 psi for well F-02 and 8330psi for well F-03. Well F-03 was the most pressured of the three wells. Abnormal pressures were identified mostly at zones above and below the area of interest and predicted pressure values were compared to actual pressure values to check for accuracy.