The effects of a sports vision training programme on selected visual-motor skills in a non-fatigued and fatigued cardiovascular condition
The aim of the study was to determine the effects of a sports vision training programme on peripheral awareness, eye-hand coordination, eye-body coordination, visual reaction time and visual-motor response time of physically active males when in a non-fatigued condition and when in an induced-fatigue condition that simulates levels experienced when playing field-based sports. Scheduling challenges made it necessary to use a sample of convenience rather than random sampling to divide the 49 participants into a treatment group (n=16) and a control group (n=33). A pre-test was administered according to assessment protocols for five selected visual skills performed in both a nonfatigued and fatigued condition. The treatment group participated in an eight-week visual training intervention programme. The purpose of this visual training programme was to train the five selected visual skills (peripheral awareness, eye-hand coordination, eyebody coordination, visual reaction time and visual-motor response time and to practice these skills during fatigued cardiovascular conditions. The post test was administered immediately after the intervention period. Interaction effects were found for three variables: peripheral awareness, eye-hand coordination and visual reaction time, so conclusions could be drawn only for eye-body coordination and visual-motor response time. No significant differences were found for visual-motor response time in the non-fatigued condition. It can be concluded that the sports vision training programme, as implemented in this study, resulted in a significant improvement in visual-motor response time of the treatment group as compared to the control group, when performing under fatigue conditions.