Physical properties of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles: application as 1-d nanobelts room temperature for hydrogen gas sensing
Transition metal oxides magneli phases present crystallographic shear structure which is of great interest in multiple applications because of their wide range of valence, which is exhibited by the transition metals. The latter affect chemical and physical properties of the oxides. Amongst them we have nanostructures VO2 system of V and O components which are studied including chemical and physical reactions based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Due to their structural classes of corundum, rocksalt, wurtzite, spinel, perovskite, rutile, and layer structure, these oxides are generally used as catalytic materials which are prepared by common methods under mild conditions presenting distortion or defects in the case of VO2. Existence of an intermediate phase is proved using an x-ray thermodiffraction experiment providing structural information as the nanoparticles are heated. Potential application as gas sensing device has been the first time obtained due to the high surface to volume ratio, and good crystallinity, purity of the material and presence of suitable nucleating defects sites due to its n-type semiconductor behavior. In addition, annealing effect on nanostructures VO2 nanobelts shows a preferential gas reductant of Ar comparing to the N2 gas. Also, the hysteresis loop shows that there is strong size dependence to annealing treatment on our samples. This is of great interest in the need of obtaining high stable and durable material for Mott insulator transistor and Gas sensor device at room temperature.