The use of GIS, statistical and risk assessment tools to evaluate aquifer vulnerability to potential contaminants
Barbeau, Lucien Keith
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An aquifer is a body of permeable rock which can contain or transmit groundwater. It is a low cost water supply for domestic and agricultural use. Routine monitoring of aquifers is important to prevent contamination and its consequences. One of the advantages of routine monitoring of aquifer is the provision of continuous information on quality and quantity of water. The research problem for the current study is the lack of implementing of routine monitoring interventions to provide continuous updated information on water quality and quantity for various uses. The impact of continuous decrease in the annual rain fall due to the global warming is mostly felt by the countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa and most especially in the water tight rural community of South Africa. Consequently, aquifers represents the only reliable source of water for economic sustainability, agricultural production and healthy living in this part of the world. Routine monitoring of aquifer is therefore very important for prevention of its vulnerability.