Evaluation of the effectiveness of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Interventions in two selected health facilities in Adamawa State, Nigeria
Itiola, Ademola Joshua
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Most (90%) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive children are infected through mother to child transmission of HIV (MTCT). Without any interventions the risk of MTCT is between 20% and 45% at the final endpoint of 18 - 24 months. Efficacy studies have however proven that with antiretroviral interventions, MTCT risk can be reduced to less than 2% or 5% in non-breastfeeding and breastfeeding populations respectively. It is important to evaluate the effectiveness of Prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) interventions in routine health facility settings where service delivery may not be optimal. The current pool of evidence on PMTCT effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa is limited and no PMTCT effectiveness study has been conducted in Adamawa State, Nigeria since the programme started in 2007.