Investigating the Teaching and Learning of Creative Writing in English First Additional Language in selected Grade 9 classrooms in the Western Cape
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In this study, it is assumed that non-mother tongue speakers of English are faced with the difficulty of writing and learning in English first additional language (FAL) or second language. In the context of Cape Town, this applies to isiXhosa mother-tongue speaking learners who are taught in an additional language, while their counterparts who speak either English or Afrikaans as a home language are taught through the medium of their home languages from primary to tertiary education. Snow (2014:17) claims that learners acquire academic language skills in the home language and are able to transfer those skills into an additional language e.g. English. In addition, if learners have their home language as the LoLT, language transfer may take place easily and the home language structure can assist them when writing in an additional language such as English. Language transfer, according to Odlin (1989:27), is the influence that 2 culminates from the differences or similarities evident between the target language and any other acquired language. There is a belief that strong proficiency in the home language enhances the learning of an additional language easier through language transfer (Odlin, 1989:1). According to Ellis (1994:302) errors mostly occur when there is a negative transfer from the mother-tongue to target language. Aziakpono and Bekker (2010:49) believe that there is certain terminology that cannot be easily transferred from the home language to the target language. However, the issue is not necessarily the transfer of language but rather the expression thereof, especially with individuals who use the home language more than the target language which is often English in South Africa. With regard to language transfer, it should be taken into account that languages have different phonetic and syntactic structures which may impede the learning of an additional language.