Emission of ³He ⁴He and ⁶He particles produce from the interaction of ¹²C with ⁹³Nb at 400 MeV incident energy
Mudau, Lufuno Julia
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The inclusive double di®erential cross sections of 3He, 4He, and 6He par- ticles produced from the interaction of 12C with 93Nb at 400 MeV incident energy were extracted from the prescaled singles spectra which were mea- sured in conjunction with the correlation between 8Be fragments and ® par- ticles. A further aim of this project was to test the detector e±ciencies and energy calibrations by comparing the alpha and 8Be prescaled singles data with existing inclusive cross sections of the same reaction. The absolute cross sections of 3He and 6He fragments have been extracted based on the absolute normalization of the alpha particle spectra. A study of the inclusive spectra of 3He and 6He suggest similar features to those seen in the alpha particle spectra. These features are described by the projectile break-up and nucleon coalescence mechanisms. A theoretical model which takes both these mech- anisms into account was applied to describe 3He and 6He fragments. The model is able to reproduce reasonably well the inclusive energy spectra of the 3He and 6He fragments. These results are found to be consistent with previous studies of the emission of intermediate mass fragments.