Efficient numerical methods to solve some reaction-diffusion problems arising in biology
Matthew, Owolabi Kolade
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In this thesis, we solve some time-dependent partial differential equations, and systems of such equations, that governs reaction-diffusion models in biology. we design and implement some novel exponential time differencing schemes to integrate stiff systems of ordinary differential equations which arise from semi-discretization of the associated partial differential equations. We split the semi-linear PDE(s) into a linear, which contains the highly stiff part of the problem, and a nonlinear part, that is expected to vary more slowly than the linear part. Then we introduce higher-order finite difference approximations for the spatial discretization. Resulting systems of stiff ODEs are then solved by using exponential time differencing methods. We present stability properties of these methods along with extensive numerical simulations for a number of different reaction-diffusion models, including single and multi-species models. When the diffusivity is small many of the models considered in this work are found to exhibit a form of localized spatiotemporal patterns. Such patterns are correctly captured by our proposed numerical schemes. Hence, the schemes that we have designed in this thesis are dynamically consistent. Finally, in many cases, we have compared our results with those obtained by other researchers.