|dc.description.abstract||Over the last two decades, the world has evolved to an e-era, wherein internet and other digital
technologies have become key platforms for the world population, including Ugandans, to
enjoy their rights of expression, to associate with other citizens and to engage with leaders.
According to the Uganda Communications Commission, the number of internet users is
growing steadily, standing at 13 023 114 as of March 2017 and encompassing 31.3% of the
population. However, like other countries across the globe, Uganda is experiencing challenges
to the advancement of privacy and freedom of expression online. According to the United
Nations, these challenges affect how ordinary citizens, the media, human rights activists and
political parties communicate via digital technologies. A key challenge is cybercrime. Ugandans
lose colossal sums of money and even human life through cybercrime.
The government of Uganda, in a bid to avert cybercrime, has enhanced cyber security,
improved access to information and regulated telecommunications. They include the Anti-
Terrorism Act of 2002, the National Information Technology Authority Uganda Act of 2009, the
Regulation of Interception of Communications Act of 2010, the Electronic Signatures Act of
2011, the Computer Misuse Act of 2011, the Electronic Transactions Act of 2011, the Uganda
Communications Act of 2013, the Anti-Pornography Act of 2014 and the Evidence Act Cap 6 of