Fabrication of metal-organic frameworks with application-specific properties for hydrogen storage application
Bambalaza, Sonwabo Elvis
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The application of porous materials into industrial hydrogen (H2) storage systems is based on their use in combination with high-pressure cylinders. The processing of metal-organic frameworks (MOF) powders into shaped forms is therefore imperative in order to counteract the adverse effects of poor packing of powders in cylinders. The fabrication of shaped MOFs has, however, been shown to be accompanied by compromised properties such as surface areas, gravimetric and volumetric H2 capacities, and also the working/deliverable H2 capacities in comparison to MOF powders.