Photovoltaic and gas sensing applications of transitional metal nanocomposites of poly(3-hexylthiophene)-titanium dioxide
Maake, Popoti Jacqueline
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This thesis starts with the reviewing of studies on the loading of noble metals and nanostructured metal oxides into bulk heterojunction organic solar cell device architectures. The reviews focused on the innovative developments in the use of various fullerene derivatives as electron acceptors in organic solar cells. It additionally reflected on the effect of metallic nanoparticles (NPs), such as gold (Au) and silver (Ag), on the performance of organic solar cells. Besides the metallic NPs, the effect of metal oxide nanoparticle loading, e.g. CuO, ZnO and TiO2, on the organic solar cell performance, and the use of noble metals doped TiO2 on the gas sensing application were reviewed.