Optimization of lead halide perovskite thin films by chemical vapour deposition
Klue, Stephen Charles
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Perovskite solar cells have gained tremendous attention within the past decade, due to its rapid improvement in power conversion e ciency (PCE), with the current record cell at 25%. The aim of this study is to create a repeatable and scalable chemical vapour deposition technique that can be used to construct perovskite solar cells with a high PCE while maintaining long-term stability. The technique requires the formation of a uniform and compact lead halide layer, either PbI2 or PbCl2 that is sequentially converted into the perovskite structure with the exposure of Methylammonium iodide (MAI) vapour. The use of CVD with a 5 cm diameter quartz tube was successfully used to deposit uniform thin lms of both PbI2 and PbCl2 over an area of 6 cm2 with a thickness deviation of 5%. Thickness control was obtained by varying the amount of source material which allows for repeatable control within 5% error, without the need for a crystal thickness monitor.