The British exit from the European Union and its effects on existing legislation and other member states
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The European Union (EU) was formed so as to maintain peace and to unify Europe in a bid to ensure that the events caused by the Second World War would never be repeated again. The idea was to bring the nations together both economically and politically and to ensure long lasting peace. The EU, as we know it today was the brain child of Robert Schuman, who first introduced by the Schuman Declaration in 1950. The Schuman Declaration became the heart of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951. The EU was subsequently created through a number of treaties with each Treaty and agreement bringing economic and political unity. The treaties of Rome signed in 1957 fostered economic cooperation. The Single European Act gave birth to the Common Market thus economic unity to the member states, completing the four freedoms, the freedom of movement of goods, services, people and money. The Maastricht treaty of 1992 created the EU because it addressed the measures of security and defence as well as home affairs. These treaties were followed by the Amsterdam (1997), Nice (2001) and the Lisbon (2007) treaties, while the community grew from original 6 members to having 28 member states.