An analysis of sustainability of communally-managed rural water supply systems in Zimbabwe
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Sustainability of rural water supply systems is a major development challenge in most developing countries including Zimbabwe. This thesis aimed to analyse the sustainability of communally managed rural water supply systems in Zimbabwe. Specifically, it determined the factors influencing sustainability of water supply systems; investigated how the implementation of Community Based Management (CBM) is contributing to the sustainability of water supply systems; explored how multiple uses of water influence sustainability of water supply systems under CBM and determined how the principal factors influencing sustainability and the CBM implementation practices, can be incorporated at the different stages of the development of a water supply system. The study was done in Nyanga, Chivi and Gwanda districts. A total of 399 communally- managed water points were studied and 300 households participated in the study. Questionnaires were used to collect data from households and Water Point Committees (WPCs). Data was also collected using Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with a total of 33 key informants being drawn from the national, district and community levels.