Assessment of healthy lifestyle practices in type 2 diabetes patients and association with glycated haemoglobin levels in Harare, Zimbabwe
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Introduction: The control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is pivoted on adherence to a healthy lifestyle (healthy diet, physical activity and non-smoking). Zimbabwe reports a high burden of T2DM related complications suggesting an increased inability by patients to control their blood glucose levels. This study, therefore, sought to describe the healthy lifestyle practices of T2DM patients in Harare, Zimbabwe and associate these practices with their glycated haemoglobin (HBA1C) levels, a marker for the control of diabetes. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done. Participants were T2DM patients who were 18 years and older from two tertiary hospital diabetes clinics in Harare. Data collection was done using a structured questionnaire which was interviewer-administered along with height, weight and HBA1C measurements. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study populations. Chi square test was used to calculate statistically significant associations between healthy lifestyle behaviours and demographics or HBA1C levels at the significant level of 0.05%.