Microfluidic paper based electrochemical sensing devices
Louw, Clementine Juliat
MetadataShow full item record
Microfluidic paper based electrochemical sensing devices (μPEDs) provides a new way for point of care testing (POCT). μPEDs offer an inexpensive, portable, easy to use technology too monitor the environment and diagnose diseases, especially in developing countries in cases where there is not enough infrastructure and a limited trained medical and health professionals. The aim of this work is to develop a paper based electrode which can be further integrated into a microfluidic paper device to develop miniature point of care devices. Paper was used as a substrate for printing of the electrode because it is found everywhere, inexpensive and it is compatible with a number of chemical, biochemical and medical applications. Polyamic acid (PAA) was incorporated into commercial carbon ink and was used to print the working electrode. The first part of the study was conducted using the commercial screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) to study and understand the electrochemical behaviour of PAA. Cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt nanoparticles‐polyamic acid composites were electrochemically deposited onto SPCE. The modified electrodes were characterised using cyclic voltammetry. As synthesised polyamic acid were characterised using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the morphology and chemical composition of polyamic acid. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) was used to study the particle size and chemical composition of cobalt nanoparticles. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the chemical nature of polyamic acid and cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to study the electrochemical behaviour of polyamic acid and cobalt nanoparticle electrodes. The diffusion coefficients and formal potential of the electrodes were calculated. The modified and bare electrodes were also used to electrochemically detect Norfloxacin in an aqueous solution by CV and square wave voltammetry (SWV) and the analytical performance of the electrochemical systems are reported here. The obtained limit of detection for the bare SPCE was 3.7 x 10‐3 M and 14.7 x 10‐3 M for the PAA‐SPCE.