Electrochemistry and photophysics of carbon nanodots-decorated nigs(Ni(In, Ga)Se2) quantum dots
Rolihlahla, Bangile Noel
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Currently, non-renewable sources are mostly used to meet the ever-growing demand for energy. However, these sources are not sustainable. In addition to these energy sources being not sustainable, they are bad for the environment although the energy supply sectors highly depend on them. To address such issues the use of renewable energy sources has been proven to be beneficial for the supply of energy for the global population and its energy needs. Advantageous over non-renewable sources, renewable energy plays a crucial role in minimizing the use of fossil fuel and reduces greenhouse gases. Minimizing use of fossil fuels and greenhouse gases is important, because it helps in the fight against climate change. The use of renewable energy sources can also lead to less air pollution and improved air quality. Although solar energy is the most abundant source of renewable energy that can be converted into electrical energy using various techniques, there are some limitations. Among these techniques are photovoltaic cells which are challenged by low efficiencies and high costs of material fabrication. Hence, current research and innovations are sought towards the reduction of costs and increasing the efficiency of the renewable energy conversion devices.