Prevalence of coronary artery disease risk factors in Firefighters in the City of Cape Town fire and rescue service
Over 45% of firefighter deaths are due to a sudden cardiac event caused by underlying coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors that can be prevented through adequate CAD risk factor screening and management. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of CAD risk factors in firefighters in the City of Cape Town and the relationship between the various CAD risk factors. This study used a quantitative cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational design. A total of 124 full-time firefighters of the City of Cape Town (CoCT) Fire and Rescue Service were conveniently recruited to participate in the study, including males and females of all ethnicities. Coronary artery disease risk factor information was obtained with a CAD risk factor assessment form, including, past medical history, smoking status, physical activity behaviour, ethnicity/race, age and gender.