Pricing European options : a model-free approach
This paper focuses on the newly revived interest to model free approach in finance. Instead of postulating some probability measure it emerges in a form of an outer-measure. We review the behavior of a market stock price and the stochastic assumptions imposed to the stock price when deriving the Black-Scholes formula in the classical case. Without any stochastic assumptions we derive the Black-Scholes formula using a model free approach. We do this by means of protocols that describe the market/game. We prove a statement that prices a European option in continuous time.