Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in selected primary health care centres in the Eastern Cape Province
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An epidemiological study was conducted with the main goal of describing the occurrences of the various STIs in the Eastern Cape province as well as biographical factors such as age, gender, and geographical location influencing them. Ten primary health care (PHC) centres located throughout the province served as sentinel sites for surveillance data collection for a period of 3 months using Daily and Monthly Report Forms. The surveillance data was analysed using relative frequencies to determine STIs prevalence. The main findings from the present study suggest that the most frequently encountered female syndromes were vaginal discharge and lower abdominal pains and most frequent male syndrome was Urethral discharge. Other syndromes accounted for less than 10% of the STI cases observed at the PHC centres during the study. The study also indicate that more STI patients were seen at urban PHC centres compared to rural ones and that most of the STI patients seen at PHC centres were women. These findings are helpful for the Health Department in the Eastern Cape Province to effectively plan for the control and prevention of all STIs including HIV I AIDS.