Parent's perception of psychosocial factors associated with health compromising behaviours related to oral health among adolescents in South Africa
Okagbare, Tuweyire Erherhebue
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Even though the composition of the family unit has undergone considerable change in recent decades due to a variety of socio-economic developments, it remains the first learning environment for the child. The influence of the family continues throughout adolescence and indeed throughout the life-course of the individual to varying degrees because parents are powerful role models and influence. Their subjective perception of the psychosocial factors associated with health compromising behaviours is critical in the quality of parental participation in the prevention and control of these behaviours. The aim of the present study was to investigate parents� perception of the psychosocial factors outside marital and socioeconomic status that are associated with health compromising behaviours related to oral health among adolescents. The design was a qualitative exploratory one and the research strategy was inductive, deductive and abductive. A non-probability purposive theoretical sampling method was employed and data collected from five focus group interviews using a guiding questions schedule. The sample size of 37 was determined by theoretical saturation. Participants were aged between 28 and 75 years. Each of the five focus groups was homogeneous in the sense of shared experience but diverse in terms of professions. The data analysis used in this study was the grounded theory approach and a substantive theory was generated that addressed the mitigation of adolescents� unhealthy behaviours. The substantive theory provides an effective and holistic approach to the problem of adolescent unhealthy behaviours. It went beyond the risk factors approach to comprehensively address the root causes of five adolescent health compromising behaviours viz. alcohol consumption, smoking, inadequate fruit and vegetables consumption, inadequate oral health care and inappropriate sugar consumption.