An exploration of the factors which can contribute to nosocomial TB infection among healthcare workers in a public hospital in Free State province, South Africa
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Introduction: Despite ongoing training provided to healthcare workers (HCWs) on tuberculosis infection prevention and control (TB IPC), at the health institution and implementation of TB IPC precautions, nosocomial TB infection within the hospital persist. The facility’s 2017 Occupational Infection & Needle Prick Report showed the proportions of new nosocomial TB infection cases among HCWs rose steadily from (5.6%) n=2 in 2013/14, (7.8%) n= 4 2015/16 and (9%) n=7, to (11%) n=11 cases in 2017/18. Study findings confirmed high new nosocomial TB infections among HCWs and a likelihood that these cases were usually under- reported meaning the problem of nosocomial TB infection among HCWs was actually bigger than understood at the hospital. In fact during the period of the mini-thesis study (July 2018) alone, three (3) cases of nosocomial TB infections were reported among HCWs (a porter and 2 nurses). Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the factors which are perceived to be contributing to nosocomial TB infection amongst doctors and nurses in a Level 2 referral hospital in the Free State Province of South Africa.