The description of diagnosed cases of Oral Epithelial Dysplasia at the Tygerberg Oral Health Centre
Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is a growth anomaly which occurs as a result of atypical, abnormal proliferation and a change in the architecture and cytological features of cells of epithelial origin, which ultimately results in the formation of a lesion with disturbed differentiation and maturation The purpose of this study was to describe the OED cases diagnosed at Tygerberg Oral health centre in a 7-year period between 2012 and 2019. The patients’ medical records from Tygerberg Oral Health Centre and National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) were reviewed. All diagnosed cases of OED were identified and the data retrieved for further assessment and comparison. The individual medical records and follow up data were assessed. Seventy cases of OED were diagnosed in the period assessed. Of those 70 cases, the median age was 58 and the interquartile range was from 48 – 62. Thirty-six of the diagnosed patients were female and thirty-four were males. The majority of lesions diagnosed with OED were found on the tongue, floor of the mouth (FOM) and buccal mucosa. Majority of the lesions were found in non-smokers and non-alcohol consumers. These two categories both presented with mild cases of OED. From the results, it was derived that OED has no intra-oral location predilection. Moreover, OED is not directly associated with smoking.