Factors influencing the decentralisation of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis care: A management perspective
Mekler, Kathryn Ann
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Decentralisation of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) services has resulted in improved access to care, with community-based treatment of MDR-TB shown to be more effective than centralised hospital-based care. Furthermore, increasing bed shortages resulted in the National Department of Health establishing MDR-TB policy guidelines in 2011. However, the extent to which this policy has been implemented by the decentralised MDR- TB sites and the factors influencing implementation of the policy from a management perspective were not well described. The aim of this study was therefore to explore and compare the actual and ascribed roles and responsibilities of key management-level role players at the decentralised MDR-TB sites, and to explore the factors influencing implementation of the MDR-TB decentralisation policy (2011).