L-Cysteine-Capped Indium Telluriselenide Quantum Dot Aptasensor for Interferon-Gamma TB Biomarker
Januarie, Kaylin Cleo
MetadataShow full item record
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major infectious diseases that affect the health of people all over the world. South Africa is one of the countries that account for most of the TB cases; it is the leading cause of death in South Africa and is known to be lethal when combined with HIV in patients. Various tests have been used to diagnose tuberculosis infected patients, but some of these tests give false positive results. Studies have shown that tuberculosis-related cytokines can serve as biological markers for the diagnosis of TB. Cytokines are signalling proteins secreted by immune cells and one such cytokine is interferon-gamma (IFN-?). Interferon-gamma is secreted by immune cells in response to various pathogens and has many physiological roles in the immune system and inflammatory stimuli. IFN-? was first detected using antibody-based immunosensing techniques but this approach is expensive, time consuming and has low stability, it is therefore vital that an alternative detection method for IFN-? be developed.