Advanced oxygen reduction reaction catalysts/material for direct methanol fuel cell (dmfc) application
Motsoeneng, Rapelang Gloria
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Fuel cells are widely considered to be efficient and non-polluting power source offering much higher energy density. This study is aimed at developing oxygen reduction reactions (ORR) catalysts with reduced platinum (Pt) loading. In order to achieve this aim, monometallic Pd and Pt nanostructured catalysts were electrodeposited on a substrate (carbon paper) by surface limited redox replacement using electrochemical atomic layer deposition (ECALD) technique. Pd:Pt bimetallic nanocatalysts were also deposited on carbon paper. Pd:Pt ratios were (1:1, 2.1 and 3:1). The prepared mono and bimetallic catalysts were characterized using electrochemical methods for the ORR in acid electrolyte. The electrochemical characterization of these catalysts includes: Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The physical characterization includes: scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) for Morphology and elemental composition, respectively. The deposition of copper (Cu) on carbon paper was done by applying a potential of -0.05 V at 60s, 90s and 120s. 8x cycles of Pt or Pd showed better electrochemical activity towards hydrogen oxidation reaction. Multiples of eight were used in this work to deposit Pt: Pd binary catalyst. Cyclic voltammetry showed high electroactive surface area for Pt24Pd24/Carbon-paper while LSV showed high current density and positive onset potential. HRSEM also displayed small particle size compared to other Pt:Pd ratios.